# Complex numbers

Algebra (all content),

This topic covers: - Adding, subtracting, multiplying, & dividing complex numbers - Complex plane - Absolute value & angle of complex numbers - Polar coordinates of complex numbers

This course contains 11 segments:

What are the imaginary numbers?

Learn about the imaginary unit i (which is the square root of -1) and about imaginary numbers like 3i (which is the square root of -9).

What are the complex numbers?

Learn about complex numbers (spoiler: they are numbers that consist of both real and imaginary parts).

The complex plane

Learn how we can visualize complex numbers in a plane. This can be seen as an expansion of the 1-dimensional real number line into a 2-dimensional plane!

Learn how to add or subtract complex numbers. For example, write (2+3i)-(1+2i) as (1+i).

Multiplying complex numbers

Learn how to multiply complex numbers using the fact that i^2=-1 and the distributive property. For example, multiply (1+i) by (2+3i).

Complex conjugates & dividing complex numbers

Learn how to divide complex numbers using the conjugate of the divisor. For example, divide (2+3i) by (-1+4i) by multiplying both the dividend and the divisor by (-1-4i).

Absolute value & angle of complex numbers

Learn about very important graphical features of complex numbers: their absolute value and their angle.

Distance & midpoint of complex numbers

Learn how we define the distance of two complex numbers, and how we define their midpoint.

Polar form of complex numbers

Learn how to represent complex numbers in a different way. Unlike rectangular form, which emphasizes the real and imaginary parts, polar form emphasizes the absolute value ("modulus") and the angle ("argument").

Multiplying & dividing complex numbers in polar form

Learn how complex multiplication and division work when the numbers are given in polar form. Amazingly enough, this is much easier than multiplication and division in rectangular form.

Challenging complex number problems

This tutorial goes through a fancy problem from the IIT JEE exam in India (competitive exam for getting into their top engineering schools). Whether or not you live in India, this is a good example to test whether you are a complex number rock star.

Rating Not enough ratings 11 segments On Demand (Start anytime) Free Khan Academy On all desktop and mobile devices English Mathematics Math Algebra

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